Before you travel toward Saudi Arabia, you need a specific vaccination as it seems the mandatory obligation, while performing the Umrah and Hajj. Every year, millions of pilgrimage around the world, choose to travel toward Saudi Arabia for completing the ritual of Islam. Indeed, low-income countries are too close to the risk of dramatically increases in infections.
Therefore, the Ministry of Health (MOH) of Saudi Arabia applied the rule of Hajj and Umrah that the visa is issued when a pilgrimage is stipulated with mandatory vaccination. However, the requirement of treatment may vary according to the country. Here the list of some disease given below:
- Yellow Fever
It is a severe viral infection that is spread by mosquito. Predominantly, it is found in South America, Saharan Africa or the Caribbean. Yellow Fever is quite a severe illness, and in 2016, America and Africa are included in the serious disease.
- Meningococcal meningitis
This disease is a serious infection that directly effects on brain membrane. If meningococcal meningitis is not treated correctly or in right time, thus severe brain damage or the chance of having fatal may occur. The meningitis outbreak is recorded, during the Hajj pilgrimage journey of 1987, 2000 or 2001. It seems essential to have a valid certificate for meningitis infection.
- Seasonal influenza
Saudi Ministry of Health recommends that all the pilgrimage must take the vaccination of seasonal influenza. Especially those people who are at a higher risk like children above five years, pregnant woman or elderly age people. Furthermore, those who have heart diseases, diabetes, chronic respiratory or immunosuppression also included in the risk factor of seasonal influenza.
- Poliomyelitis (Polio)
It’s a viral infection that causes temporary paralysis or permanent paralysis. In the United State, the Poliomyelitis disease is quite common rather than other parts of the world. Although, after taking medicine, the polio cases have dramatically decreased. During the Umrah and Hajj pilgrimage journey, the proof of vaccination must be attached with all documentation. For polio there is an IPV vaccine that is generally found from:
- Those countries where the amount of polio reached to an exceeding level
- Where it is categorized as an endemic currently in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
- Those countries, who are vulnerable toward polio such as the Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Yemen and Somalia
- Countries that come with the re-establishment for transmission, and also imported in polio cases such as Nigeria, Madagascar, Ukraine and so on.
There is a vast number of treatments that must be considered in which included mumps, measles, diphtheria, rubella, rabies, typhoid, hepatitis A and hepatitis B. It is better to consult your doctor first, so you will get the best recommendation for vaccination that related to general health. Potentially, this may sound irritated, but it seems helpful and save from stuck in problems.